Cyclopsychic research breakthrough proves hurricanes/global warming connection

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 12:16 PM GMT en Abril 01, 2008

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A stunning new breakthrough in hurricane research has conclusively settled the matter: global warming is making Atlantic hurricanes and tropical storms more frequent. The new research, accepted for publication later this millennium in The Journal of Irreproducible Results, offers incontrovertible proof that global warming has increased Atlantic named storms by 57-67% over the past century. Using the pioneering new techniques of cyclopsychic storm detection and psychomortorodentiatempestology, the researchers, Professors Peter Webcaster and Judith Flurryfury of the Georgia Institute of Technophobia, and Dr. Greg Hallmonitor of the Colorado Association for Research and Modeling of the Atmosphere (CARMA), showed unequivocally that the lack of satellite measurements and aircraft reconnaissance in the early part of the hurricane record led to only a modest undercount of Atlantic tropical storms. Thus, more than half of the observed increase in named storms in the past century can be attributed to global warming.

"It's well-known that the number of Atlantic named storms has risen from 7-9 per year 100 years ago to 14-15 per year during the present active hurricane period that began in 1995," commented Professor Webcaster in an interview today. "Some MEEAT-loving hurricane researchers (Measure Everything, Everywhere, All the Time) have claimed that this rise was not real, since satellites and reconnaissance aircraft were not around to detect storms early in the hurricane record. We've made efforts in the past to quantify the number of 'missed' historical Atlantic storms using estimates of historical shipping traffic density, and computer regression models that compare recent well-observed storm activity to past storm activity. However, these studies have been pooh-poohed by the MEEAT men, who refuse to believe any science that comes out of a model. So, I began thinking about how we could actually go about observing historical Atlantic storms that were 'missed'. I began thinking the problem in a new light after watching my favorite episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation, "Timescape", where subspace entity mistakenly lays her eggs in the warp core singularity of a Romulan warship, creating a temporal anomaly that forces time to flow backwards. This inspired me to think outside the box, and it occurred to me that paranormal methods might offer a way to see back in time and make actual observations of past storms--and offer a technophobic solution to the problem, as encouraged by the charter of my university, the Georgia Institute of Technophobia."



Figure 1. Cyclopsychic observations of "missing" Atlantic tropical storms during the 20th century. All observations were performed by trained cyclopsychic Madame Cyclotropia. Note the significant drop in "missed" storms beginning in the 1940s, corresponding to the advent of aircraft reconnaissance, and in the 1970s, when satellite coverage of the Atlantic Ocean began.

Webcaster teamed with Hallmonitor and Flurryfury to experiment with a variety of paranormal techniques to make actual observations of past "missing" storms, using Ouija Boards, crystal ball gazing, the Magic Eight Ball, and channeling of restless dead spirits. Initial experiments proved discouraging, though, when the researchers attempted to perform the study themselves. "We were feeling depressed about how the research was going, having just stayed up late one Friday night in Greg's lab in Boulder trying to get the dang Magic Eight Ball to say something other than just REPLY HAZY, TRY AGAIN LATER," related Dr. Webcaster. "So, we decided to give up for the night and down a few shots of grape jello spiked with grain alcohol and delve into Greg's extensive collection of Zippy the Pinhead comic books. After a few jello shots and Zippy comics, we got feeling pretty loose, and, Yow! Decided to trek down to Pearl Street to check out the weekend psychic fair. Well, we got to staggering around the tents of the psychic fair, belting out the sorrowful lyrics of our own version of "Somewhere over the rainbow" we made up:

Somewhere, over the ocean
Back in time
Cyclones formed and decayed
Unseen by humankind

Somehow, we'll find out how many
Before we die
But it doesn't look good
'Cause the Magic Eight Ball lies!

Suddenly, we saw a mysterious shadowy figure beckoning to us from the entrance of a nearby tent, which was emblazoned with the words, Madame Cyclotropia: Psychic Readings for Troubled Atmospheric Scientists. 'I can help you find your missing storms', the seer in the shadows croaked, 'for I know much that is hidden. Come into my lair, and I will reveal the key to unlocking the mysteries of storms long past'. Greg and I looked at each other, shrugged, walked in her tent, and the rest is history."

Once in Madame Cyclotropia's tent, the researchers quickly realized that their limited scientific training could not hope to allow them to conduct rigorous paranormal research. Only a true cyclopsychic with "The Gift" could see back into the dim mists of time to divine the existence of heretofore unknown tropical cyclones. Using her cyclopsychic gift, Madame Cyclotropia correctly divined the past tracks of numerous known storms the scientists challenged her with. However, when asked to divine the existence of "missing" Atlantic storms that had not made it into the official database, she prophesied that she would only be able to do so if the scientists would write her into their latest grant proposal. This grant proposal would surely get funded, she predicted. The scientists eagerly agreed, and headed back to the lab to work on the new proposal.

Webcaster, Hallmonitor, and Flurryfury's proposal, titled, "Using a Trained Cyclopsychic to Divine Past Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity", was submitted to the Foundation for Atmospheric Research for Science and Education (FARSE) in early 2007 and accepted later that year. After receiving their grant money, the scientists began spending long nights in Madame Cyclotropia's tent, documenting her revelations from the four primary cyclopsychic techniques: Ouija Board, crystal ball gazing, the Magic Eight Ball, and channeling of restless dead spirits. According to Dr. Hallmonitor, "We were thrilled when the first three techniques we tried all yielded virtually identical results, showing the robustness of our experimental methodology. The three techniques all showed a noticeable drop in the number of "missed" storms in the 1940s, when aircraft reconnaissance became available, and in the 1970s, when satellites coverage began over the Atlantic Ocean. However, when we tried to channel restless dead spirits, we ran into a roadblock. We couldn't find any restless dead spirits with an interest or knowledge of historical Atlantic hurricanes. We happily attributed this to the propensity of dead meteorologists to wind up inside Heaven's Pearly Gates, but were sad that our research would lack this crucial final proof of its validity. We were about to give up when Peter then hit upon the idea of contacting the spirits of groundhogs, who are known for their weather prognosticating ability. Some of these prognosticating rodents might have unfinished business that would keep their restless souls adrift in the ether, available for consultation on weather-related matters. We coined word psychomortorodentiatempestology to describe this exciting new branch of hurricane science, and set off in search of gifted groundhogs spirits with this special skill."



Figure 2. Wee Willy One and Chucky before their departure into the hereafter. Which rodent's spirit would you trust to get accurate weather information from?

Indeed, Madame Cyclotropia was able to contact the spirit of "Wee Willy One", a famed albino groundhog that had once burrowed under the fair gardens of Wiarton, Ontario, and provided weather forecasts each Groundhog's Day up until his death in 2006. Wee Willy One proved to be testy and uncooperative, though, deliberately delivering incorrect storm information. The researchers sought out help from cyclotherapy experts from the Center for Disease Control's Weather Related Illness Division to determine if cyclotherapy might help Wee Willy One overcome his bad attitude. Cyclotherapist Dr. Sandy Chirpchuckle diagnosed Wee Willy One as a cyclopath suffering from rare form of cyclopsychosis. Ordinarily, cyclopsychosis manifests itself only in hurricane scientists and weather enthusiasts during the long, dull months prior to hurricane season. The despondent victims of cyclopsychosis spend long hours in front of flickering computer monitors in dark, gloomy rooms, obsessively poring over maps and statistics of hurricanes long gone by. The victims tend to become highly antisocial but never violent, and can be successfully treated with cycloactive drugs. However, Dr. Chirpchuckle diagnosed Wee Willy One with an extremely rare case of "shadow" cyclopsychosis, brought on by the cyclological trauma being rudely hauled out of his burrow each February 2 so that a bunch of cockamaimie humans could see whether he saw his shadow or not. "Shadow" cyclopsychosis is incurable, both in this world and the hereafter, so Madame Cyclotropia was forced to seek out other groundhog spirits. After months of effort, she finally found the spirit of "Chucky", a friendly groundhog that had once burrowed under the gardens of Nashville, Tennessee. Chucky eagerly provided accurate information on the "missing" Atlantic tropical storms that was precisely in agreement with the data collected from the other cyclopsychic techniques. "We were ecstatic," exclaimed Dr. Hallmonitor. "More jello shots!"

Hurricane experts world-wide are hailing the new findings. "These exciting results conclusively prove that even us blind squirrels can find some nuts," enthused renown hurricane expert, Dr. Kerry Readthemanual of the Massachusetts Institute of Technophobia. Dr. Readthemanual has been a leading proponent of the global warming/Atlantic hurricane link. Even former critics are praising the new findings. Dr. William Graymatter, Professor Über-Emeritus of Colorado State University's Center for Hurricane Observation, Measurement, and Prediction (CHOMP), said in an interview: "I've been in the hurricane business for 113 years, and I know good research when I see it. The findings of Webcaster, Hallmonitor, and Flurryfury are based on solid observational evidence and white magic. There's no black magic involved, such as the use of a computer model, so their results are impregnable."

Dr. Chris Blandsee, Chief Scientist of the Natural Hurricane Center's division of Global Warming Isn't Responsible for the Recent Upswing in Atlantic Hurricane Activity, and Even If It Was, We Wouldn't be Able to Tell, Since the Quality of the Atlantic Hurricane Database is Too Poor to Use for Such Purposes (NHC/GWIRRUAHAEIIWWWATSQAHDTPUSP), has also been critical of past research showing a link between hurricanes and global warming, maintaining that global warming isn't responsible for the recent upswing in Atlantic hurricane activity, and even if it was, we wouldn't be able to tell, since the quality of the Atlantic hurricane database is too poor to use for such purposes. It was his Congressional testimony, along with that of former NHC director Max Minefield, which inspired President Bushwhacker's administration to rename the National Hurricane Center the "Natural Hurricane Center" last year. (This action was also urged by the Government Anagram Accountability Office (GAAO), which found that the letters in "National Hurricane Center" could be rearranged to spell the ominous phrase, "Errant Herculean Inaction"--and also the disturbing, "Teenier Charlatan Unicorn", and the clearly unacceptable, "Inhale Cocaine, Errant Runt!", while the letters in "Natural Hurricane Center" could be rearranged to form phrases much more in harmony with the NHC mission, such as "Natural, Neater, Crunchier.")

Dr. Blandsee grudgingly gave ground in his comments today. "It looks like Webcaster, Hallmonitor, and Flurryfury (and don't try to say her name three times fast) have done some pretty rigorous scientific work," he conceded. "But they've written what is probably the longest and most excruciatingly dull hurricane science paper of all time. All those old storms and their analyzed tracks that they talk about, on and on and on, year by year by year. Ugh! A lot of good trees died to publish that paper. It was even duller than some of my clunkers!"

What's next for the pioneering researchers? "Well, CARMA and the Georgia Institute of Technophobia are collaborating on a grant proposal with Dr. Graymatter and Phil Flossblack of CHOMP to apply cyclopsychic methods in a new way--improvement of seasonal hurricane forecasts," said Dr. Flurryfury. "We've submitted a proposal to FARSE titled, 'Gray Magic: Using Cyclopsychic Methods to Improve Seasonal Hurricane Forecasts'. Lord knows, the forecast busts of the past two hurricane seasons have shown that Flossblack and Dr. Graymatter could use some supernatural help with their predictions."

April Fools!
Meff Jasters

References
Hallmonitor, G.J., and P.J. Webcaster, 2007, "Heightened tropical cyclone activity in the North Atlantic: natural variability or climate trend?" Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A 365, Number 1860, 15 November 2007, Pages: 26952716 DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2007.2083

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158. Drakoen
12:59 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
I could watch those all day. They are so classic. Really make you look back and see the anticipation.
Member Since: Octubre 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 30614
157. hahaguy
8:04 PM EST on April 01, 2008
ah jim hope i really miss him
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156. hurricane23
8:58 PM EDT on April 01, 2008
Always great to look back...

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155. Drakoen
12:54 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
153. hurricane23 12:54 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
Iam still watching the QBO as i think its of big importance to capeverde systems.A strong ridge of high pressure over the western atlantic protected south florida in 07 which squashed most TC'S to the south of the area.

Just looking at the TCHP again over the basin again and man its almost non-existant.


Yea that is true. But I have seen some little sign of heating with the TCHP in the Caribbean. I don't think its too much to worry about now.
Member Since: Octubre 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 30614
154. palmettobug53
12:49 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
ROTFL!!!! I know I'm late getting online today but that was a good one, Dr. M!
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153. hurricane23
8:43 PM EDT on April 01, 2008
Iam still watching the QBO as i think its of big importance to capeverde systems.A strong ridge of high pressure over the western atlantic protected south florida in 07 which squashed most TC'S to the south of the area.

Just looking at the TCHP again over the basin again and man its almost non-existant.
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152. HurricaneGeek
8:51 PM EDT on April 01, 2008
Absolutely!!

I have to go now, but I'll back later
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151. moonlightcowboy
7:46 PM CDT on April 01, 2008
HG, and I ask questions, too! You should ask - best way to learn! I'll ask questions and post, too. Sometimes, I might get it wrong, but I try to post in a way that at least maybe someone will post the good answer. It's all in how we present ourselves. Dig in, learn and have fun!
Member Since: Julio 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
150. KEEPEROFTHEGATE (Mod)
12:46 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
whatever liquid is put into the ground will eventually fall from the sky once its on the condensation conveyour belt
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149. KEEPEROFTHEGATE (Mod)
12:40 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
multi layers
but u need some dust just not to much
water needs something to cling too
and if u look inside a water droplet there is some dust just the right amount to make the water droplet form
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148. HurricaneGeek
8:43 PM EDT on April 01, 2008
Me too, I don't post a lot, but I lurk a lot :-)
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147. moonlightcowboy
7:42 PM CDT on April 01, 2008
That's good, HG! SAL is a big inhibiting factor for storms trying to crank up! That was a good question from Pottery! Shoot, HG, man, I still learn things here all the time!!!
Member Since: Julio 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
146. Drakoen
12:41 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
145. HurricaneGeek 12:40 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
OK, just to tell how much I've come:

When I first joined I thought SAL was the handle of a blogger here! :-)

Then I realized what it truly is!

Now I know it has layers!
:-)


Yes. Its Saharan Air Layer lol. Alot of people get the confused. Its not just dust rolling of the coast of Africa.
Member Since: Octubre 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 30614
145. HurricaneGeek
8:38 PM EDT on April 01, 2008
OK, just to tell how much I've come:

When I first joined I thought SAL was the handle of a blogger here! :-)

Then I realized what it truly is!

Now I know it has layers!
:-)
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144. Drakoen
12:38 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
143. moonlightcowboy 12:37 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
Thanks, guys. When I got on tonight, I saw Pottery's question, and remembered thinking that same thing last year. And, that was how I tried to differentiate the levels. But, Drak is right, the CIMSS tends to show saturation better, but I think EUMETSAT really shows a clearer dust picture - it's prettier anyway, lol!


hahaha lol. So thats the REAL reason for the EUMETSAT....
Member Since: Octubre 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 30614
143. moonlightcowboy
7:34 PM CDT on April 01, 2008
Thanks, guys. When I got on tonight, I saw Pottery's question, and remembered thinking that same thing last year. And, that was how I tried to differentiate the levels. But, Drak is right, the CIMSS tends to show saturation better, but I think EUMETSAT's dust product really shows a clearer dust picture - it's prettier anyway, lol!
Member Since: Julio 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
142. Drakoen
12:29 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
Excellent point MLC... The water vapor imagery clearly shows that.
Member Since: Octubre 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 30614
141. HurricaneGeek
8:30 PM EDT on April 01, 2008
MLC- Post #140, I like it very much! Thanks
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140. moonlightcowboy
7:28 PM CDT on April 01, 2008
Thanks, Drak. Just curious. Although, I like to follow EU's site just because it seems to show a real sat view of the dust, I do like this easy-find button click on CIMSS's site. You can easily click there between SAL and the upper & mid water vapor views.



CIMSS SAL



CIMSS MID-LEVEL WATER VAPOR



CIMSS UPPER-LEVEL WATER VAPOR


Clearly, one can see that most of the SAL is in the mid-levels, with only a small area of dust in the upper levels just off the African coast.

Member Since: Julio 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
139. Drakoen
12:26 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
SAL can't simply be determined by conventional satellite imagery. Having an idea of the density is also important. Satellite imagery can tell you how the dust is coming of whether by the trades or dry low pressure systems coming of Africa. As you would imagine, A dust storm can be just a potent as the trades carrying large and dense amounts of SAL across the ocean.
Member Since: Octubre 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 30614
138. Drakoen
12:18 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
136. moonlightcowboy 12:13 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
Drak, do you prefer the CIMSS dust product over EUMETSAT? And why?


I like to use both lol. CIMSS gives a better idea of how dense the SAL is the EUMETSAT shows and details it.
Member Since: Octubre 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 30614
137. ShenValleyFlyFish
12:03 AM GMT on April 02, 2008
121. mermaidlaw 10:35 PM GMT on April 01, 2008 That is very sad PAT!!:(

This is not sad it's infuriating. In a less apathetic population there would be a total tax strike and riots in the streets. This is not being done by some distant colonial entity. This Is done in the name of you and me. Either we take an honest look at what is going on and act accordingly or accept that the noble experiment in "Government of the people, by the people and for the people" has ended.

This is no april fool joke.
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136. moonlightcowboy
7:11 PM CDT on April 01, 2008
Drak, do you prefer the CIMSS dust product over EUMETSAT? And why?
Member Since: Julio 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
135. Drakoen
11:58 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
The TSR should be coming out with their predictions soon...
Member Since: Octubre 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 30614
134. Bgoney
7:31 PM EDT on April 01, 2008
Sorry Doc, I've laughed harder at some of you're other long winded explanations for GW
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133. Drakoen
11:31 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
128. moonlightcowboy 11:03 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
106. pottery 4:37 PM CDT on April 01, 2008
....is (there a) way to see the altitude of the dust at a given time, ie now ?


- Hey, Pottery! I always try to judge that by looking at the various levels of water vapor, since SAL/dust is basically dry air. Then, I go back and look at EUMETSAT's dust product and compare. I could be wrong, but the differentiation seems to show layers (or altitude), or concentration of dust. Just an idea!

Alternatively, you can just use the Cimss dust product and the aforementioned ideas above.
Member Since: Octubre 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 30614
132. atmoaggie
11:21 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
I was wondering, did anybody read the link at the bottom of the blog

Yeah, last year...not new. Interesting, but still does make some great big assumptions about TC occurance since 1850 and SST anomaly since then (as if we had full satellite coverage of TCs and SST in 1850...lauched by musket ;-p
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131. listenerVT
11:03 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
ROFLMEO!

Many thanks, Dr. Jasters!
I laughed so hard Hubby HAD to know what was going on! ;~D

~~~~~

Hoping good things for all in harm's way.

~~~~~

FEMA = Forget Everything Mother Assured

~~~~~

Watching for high winds here in NW VT tonight.
Take care, all! %u2665
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130. OSHNBLU
11:09 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
Classic Blog Dr. Jasters. Love the girl with hurricane eyes...have an old Beatles song running thru my head.
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129. Thunderstorm2
11:04 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
could this be 90L off the E coast of FL???

That's highly unlikely Taz.
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128. moonlightcowboy
5:55 PM CDT on April 01, 2008
106. pottery 4:37 PM CDT on April 01, 2008
....is (there a) way to see the altitude of the dust at a given time, ie now ?



- Hey, Pottery! I always try to judge that by looking at the various levels of water vapor, since SAL/dust is basically dry air. Then, I go back and look at EUMETSAT's dust product and compare. I could be wrong, but the differentiation seems to show layers (or altitude), or concentration of dust. Just an idea!
Member Since: Julio 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
127. davidw221
11:01 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
Looks like lake O in Fla, is getting another soaker, like last week, this can only Help.
http://radar.weather.gov/radar.php?rid=AMX&product=NTP&overlay=11101111&loop=yes
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126. Weather456
6:55 PM AST on April 01, 2008
124. Tazmanian 6:51 PM AST on April 01, 2008
could this be 90L off the E coast of FL???


Just daytime heating ehanced by diffluence. Remember one of the conditions necessary for TC formation is a synoptic size area of thunderstorms peristing outside diurnal variations.
Member Since: Julio 24, 2005 Posts: 407 Comments: 19076
125. noshoes
10:57 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
Dr. Masters, I have just read your post on the "research" being done by these "notables".... heh heh!
A "Masterful" bit of April Fool's humor!
Thanks!
You made my day!
noshoes,
Pensacola
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124. Tazmanian
3:50 PM PDT on April 01, 2008
could this be 90L off the E coast of FL???


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123. Drakoen
10:50 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
The CFS shows that the SSTs of the African coast will remain above average until around August and Septembers.
Member Since: Octubre 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 30614
122. MichaelSTL
5:44 PM CDT on April 01, 2008
I was wondering, did anybody read the link at the bottom of the blog (even if the blog itself was written as a joke), which is to a real article on global warming and hurricane activity?

References
Hallmonitor, G.J., and P.J. Webcaster, 2007, "Heightened tropical cyclone activity in the North Atlantic: natural variability or climate trend?" Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A 365, Number 1860, 15 November 2007, Pages: 26952716 DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2007.2083



That makes some very interesting connections between hurricane activity and eastern Atlantic SSTs, as in the SSTs that are amazingly above normal right now (and were cooler than or near average last year):

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121. mermaidlaw
10:32 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
That is very sad PAT!!:(
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120. hahaguy
5:34 PM EST on April 01, 2008
that would be a really sad event if they were misplaces again by another cane
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119. Drakoen
10:32 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
117. Patrap 10:30 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
Sadly..No Joke here.



Added: November 11, 2007
At least 20,000 families are still living in FEMA trailers more than two years after Katrina. According to CBS (from emails they obtained through actual reporting) the levels of formaldehyde is such that FEMA has prohibited its employees from even briefly entering them.Link



Wow. Thats not good and we are about to enter the next hurricane season.
Member Since: Octubre 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 30614
118. Weather456
6:22 PM AST on April 01, 2008
Another way to determine the dept of the SAL is by looking at the dept of the Azore Ridge (which drives the dust). The Azore ridge can be shallow at times and it can be as deep as surface-400 mb. A third way is by looking at the dept of the Atlantic cloud features. If no clouds at the surface, the SAL extends to the surface. If there is cumulus or stratocumulus, the SAL layer is maybe based ~600 ft. If there are altoform clouds, the SAL does not extend into the mid-levels, and the same goes for cirriform clouds for the upper levels.
Member Since: Julio 24, 2005 Posts: 407 Comments: 19076
117. Patrap
5:27 PM CDT on April 01, 2008
Sadly..No Joke here.



Added: November 11, 2007
At least 20,000 families are still living in FEMA trailers more than two years after Katrina. According to CBS (from emails they obtained through actual reporting) the levels of formaldehyde is such that FEMA has prohibited its employees from even briefly entering them.Link

Congressional Hearing Opening StatementLink

Mr.Cummins ask's the real questions after..the ones that started the BAll a rolling. Link

Member Since: Julio 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129090
116. Weather456
6:15 PM AST on April 01, 2008
Most likely the dust is currently a shallow layer becuz the upper level winds (above 500 mb) are westerly (Winter and Spring), thus the dust would be blown into the Indian Ocean. During the summertime, the dust layer gets thicker, and the upper westerlies die and become easterlies like with jets like the AEJ (700 mb) and TEJ (200 mb). Thus the dust is blown west. The SAL is mainly concentrated below 600 mb so upper winds seldom have any effect, with the trades the dominant factor.

There is way to measure to the dept of the SAL using radiosonde (upper air) cross sections from the Cape Verdes and Western Africa, particularly the station at Dakar, Senegal.
Member Since: Julio 24, 2005 Posts: 407 Comments: 19076
115. mermaidlaw
10:12 PM GMT on April 01, 2008

Glitter Graphics & Comments


Thanks DR. Meff Jasters for the fun post, and a good laugh!!!:)


I hope everyone stays safe today!!
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114. atmoaggie
10:11 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
Changes upcoming to QuikScat data from NWS (mostly to NOAAPort, but likely will show up on webpages too):

TECHNICAL IMPLEMENTATION NOTICE 08-29
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE HEADQUARTERS WASHINGTON DC
445 PM EDT TUE APR 1 2008

TO: FAMILY OF SERVICES /FOS/ SUBSCRIBERS
NOAAPORT SUBSCRIBERS
OTHER NWS USERS... PARTNERS AND EMPLOYEES

FROM: JASON TUELL
CHIEF...SCIENCE PLANS BRANCH
OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY /OST/

SUBJECT: NESDIS HIGH DENSITY SCATTEROMETER OCEAN SURFACE
WINDS TO BE ADDED TO SBN/NOAAPORT: EFFECTIVE JUNE
24 2008

EFFECTIVE TUESDAY JUNE 24 2008...BEGINNING AT APPROXIMATELY 1500
COORDINATED UNIVERSAL TIME /UTC/...THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL
SATELLITE...DATA...AND INFORMATION SERVICE /NESDIS/ AND NWS WILL
BEGIN DISSEMINATION OF HIGH DENSITY SCATTEROMETER OCEAN SURFACE
WIND PRODUCTS VIA SBN/NOAAPORT.

ONE VERSION OF THESE PRODUCTS IS THE CURRENT SET OF NASA QUIKSCAT
WINDS FROM THE SEAWINDS SCATTEROMETER SENSOR...BUT WITH THE WIND
VECTOR RETRIEVAL HORIZONTAL RESOLUTION INCREASING FROM 25 KM TO
12.5 KM.

THE OTHER VERSION OF THESE PRODUCTS IS ADDITIONAL SCATTEROMETER
WINDS FROM THE METOP ASCAT SENSOR HAVING A SENSOR RESOLUTION OF
25 KM.

BOTH QUIKSCAT AND METOP ARE POLAR ORBITING SATELLITES...EACH
PROVIDING APPROXIMATELY TWO FLYOVERS PER DAY...MORE IN THE HIGH
LATITUDE REGIONS. METOP HAS TAKEN OVER THE MID MORNING POLAR
ORBIT PREVIOUSLY OCCUPIED BY A NOAA TIROS...N SATELLITE.

EACH ORBIT HAS A DURATION OF APPROXIMATELY 101 MINUTES. THE
RAW DATA ARE PROCESSED BY NESDIS INTO POINT VALUES OF WIND SPEED
AND DIRECTION...THEN ENCODED INTO BUFR.

THE WMO HEADERS /T1T2A1A2II CCCC/ FOR THESE PRODUCTS WILL BE
OF THE FORM:

T1: I FOR QUIKSCAT...J FOR ASCAT
T2: S
A1: X
A2: X
II: REGION /SEE TABLE BELOW/
CCCC: KNES

THE SCATTEROMETER WIND PRODUCTS WILL BE PROVIDED OVER THE
FOLLOWING NINE GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS...WHICH HAVE AN AGGREGATE
AREA OF COVERAGE FROM 75N TO 35S AND FROM 35W TO 130E /CROSSING
THE INTERNATIONAL DATELINE/:

REGION II COVERAGE

AREA1 01 35S TO 37N...35W TO 90W
AREA2 02 37N TO 75N...35W TO 90W
AREA3 03 35S TO 37N...90W TO 109W
AREA4 04 37N TO 75N...90W TO 109W
AREA5 05 35S TO 42N...109W TO 140W
AREA6 06 42N TO 75N...109W TO 128W
4N TO 42N...128W TO 140W
AREA7 07 35S TO 50N...140W TO 180
AREA8 08 35S TO 50N...180 TO 130E
AREA9 09 52N TO 75N...128W TO 140W
50N TO 75N...140W TO 130E
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
113. Drakoen
10:07 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
109. FLWeatherFreak91 10:07 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
Dust tends to occur, as far as I know, in all levels of the atmosphere. During a dust storm it is common to see a thick blanket of cirrus clouds at 23,000 ft because the small particles help the water to condense. Also, I doubt saharan dust would be able to cross the entire ocean if it weren't in the upper levels.


I would say from 850mb to 450mb which is mostly mid level. SAL doesn't come all the way down to the surface because of the marine layer that develops over the ocean. The SAL is lifted above that preventing the uplift necessary for thunderstorms to build.
Member Since: Octubre 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 30614
112. Patrap
5:09 PM CDT on April 01, 2008
737 Taca Airliner loses power from Hailstorm at 16,000 ft.Makes Unpowered Deadstick Landing along Levee..1988 Link




Watched them fly that sucka outta that small strip near Lockheed Martin where they Build the Shuttle Et's. Was neat to see an Airliner take off on Grass.

Member Since: Julio 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129090
111. atmoaggie
9:59 PM GMT on April 01, 2008
Man, good thing I am out of earshot of others at work, Dr. Masters. Hilarious!

I am going to send the link to Pat Fitzpatrick, Landsea, and Holland...they will hopefully laugh at themselves as much as we are.

I am sure it will get to Kerry Emmanuel and Bill Gray through them too.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
110. FLWeatherFreak91
6:08 PM EDT on April 01, 2008
108. hahaguy 6:06 PM EDT on April 01, 2008 Hide this comment.
the one thing i hate about an impacting hurricane is the calm before the storm. i dont mind the quietness but just knowing something is coming really aggrivates me.

Then would you rather not know when it's coming?
Member Since: Diciembre 1, 2006 Posts: 2 Comments: 3631
109. FLWeatherFreak91
6:02 PM EDT on April 01, 2008
Dust tends to occur, as far as I know, in all levels of the atmosphere. During a dust storm it is common to see a thick blanket of cirrus clouds at 23,000 ft because the small particles help the water to condense. Also, I doubt saharan dust would be able to cross the entire ocean if it weren't in the upper levels.
Member Since: Diciembre 1, 2006 Posts: 2 Comments: 3631
108. hahaguy
5:05 PM EST on April 01, 2008
the one thing i hate about an impacting hurricane is the calm before the storm. i dont mind the quietness but just knowing something is coming really aggrivates me.
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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